Our skin may get affected by different types of infections based on different factors around us. A common occurrence among those is warts. These are basically growths on human skin which are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Sometimes, these growths become prominent enough to cause social embarrassment.
These are small growths on the skin that generally appear on fingers and toes. These are rough to the touch and feature small black dots, which are blood vessel clots. The worst part of common warts is that they may sometimes cause mild pain, itching, and redness and may be difficult to eliminate permanently.
Flat warts are most common in children and teenagers. These are smoother and flatter compared to other types of warts and generally crop up on the face and legs, especially of females.
Flat warts are painless and often disappear on their own with time, with over 78% of them disappearing within two years.
Periungual warts form around the fingernails and toenails, starting small like the size of a pinhead, growing to dirty cauliflower-like bumps and eventually spread into clusters around those areas. There are also filiform warts that form around the mouth, nose, neck and under the chin. These have a tiny flap-like shape and are of the same color as your skin.
Plantar warts are tiny growths often seen on the heels and other areas of your foot that bear the bodyweight. The telltale signs of these warts are the appearance of a small hole in the bottom of the foot. These are surrounded by hardened skin and make walking uncomfortable. They may go away without treatment but are too painful to ignore them.
They can occur in any area of the body more often being seen on hands, feet, and face. There are warts affecting the private areas which are transmitted sexually, caused by other varieties of HPV. Though warts tend to disappear on their own, they may take a lot of time which may vary from one person to another. Sometimes, they may recur following certain modes of treatment. They are brown to black in color and may vary in size from 2-4 mm. Warts are considered to be contagious, but it is possible that only a single member of the family can have them without other members getting affected.
The most effective way to treat warts is by radiofrequency. It is a simple procedure. To ensures that the individual doesn’t experience discomfort; an anesthetic cream is applied to the target area for a certain time. Sometimes, tiny injections of local anesthetic may be needed to make the process more comfortable.
As part of the process, an electric probe is applied on the surface of the wart thus gradually burning it. It would then eventually shed off with natural healing within a week time.
Topical antibiotics are prescribed for better and quick skin recovery, and also to avoid secondary infections. Sometimes, a touch-up session may be needed to avoid any kind of recurrence.